Hiking map Upper Harz
Hiking map "Der Oberharz" ranges from Goslar in the north to St. Andreasberg in the south and from Osterode in the west to Braunlage in the east in Thuringia.
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The hiking and biking map "Der Oberharz" shows on the front side the western part of the Harz Mountains and is bordered by Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Herzberg, Odertalsperre and the Brocken. Other local areas are Osterode, Altenau, St. Andreasberg and Braunlage.
On the reverse side, the urban area of Goslar and Bad Harzburg can be seen in the north and Bad Grund and Lauenthal in the west. In the south of the map is the connection to the front side. Central is the Oker reservoir and in the east the Brocken and the Eckertal are shown.
Extensive hiking and biking tours through the Harz National Park lead through untouched nature. The trails along the UNESCO World Heritage Site Oberharzer Wasserwirtschaft convey the culture and history of mining. A tour through the romantic Oker Valley with its diverse rock formations is also recommended.
Signposted long-distance hiking trails through the Upper Harz :
- Harzer Försterstieg from Goslar to Kamschlacken
- Western part of the Harzer Hexen-Stieg
- Harzer Teufelsstieg and Harzer Grenzweg
- northern parts of the Harzer Baudensteig
|Info's||Walking and cycling map, waterproof, ri;fest, UTM grid für GPS|
|Scale||1 : 30 000|
|Size||110 x 200 mm, 990 x 600 mm (open)|
|Edition||Updated edition Oktober 2019|
- Recreational sites such as indoor swimming pools, outdoor swimming pools, golf courses, tennis courts, climbing and bike parks are mentioned .
- Sights, camping or camper sites and youth hostels are listed .
- Information on horseback riding, ski lifts, ski slopes and toboggan runs can be found .
The north-western part of the mountains is referred to as the Upper Harz in the narrower sense. This part of the Harz is drained by the Innerste, Grane and upper Oker rivers. To the southeast, the Upper Harz is bounded by the Acker-Bruchberg-Brocken line. In the broader sense, St. Andreasberg or the Hochharz to the east with the Brocken massif are also included.
In the historical sense, the term Upper Harz refers to the Upper Harz mountain towns of Clausthal, Zellerfeld, St. Andreasberg, Altenau, Lauenthal, Wildenau and Grund. There is a duplication of the term due to the formation of the town of Oberharz in Saxony-Anhalt. This area was characterised by silver mining for centuries. It has its own dialect.
Another division into Upper and Lower Harz refers to the mountains as a watershed. The Upper Harz, all of which lies to the west, drains to the Weser. The Lower Harz, which lies to the east, is part of the Elbe catchment area.
The Harz National Park is one of the largest national parks in Germany. It was created in 2006 through the merger of the national parks in Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. It covers an area of 247 km, which is about ten per cent of the total area of the mountains. The national park is part of the European protected area system Natura 2000.
About 96 percent is covered by spruce and beech forests. Outstanding are numerous moors, granite cliffs and mountain ranges.
The Nature 2000.
The Brocken, which was closed for a long time, is the main attraction of the Harz National Park. It attracts around 1 million visitors a year and is part of the Schierke district, a district of the town of Wernigerode. When visibility is good, the summit of the Brocken offers views of the Groß Inselsberg in the Thuringian Forest, the Petersberg near Halle, the Kötersberg in the Weserbergland and, in special weather conditions, even the Fichtelberg and Keilberg in the Erzgebirge mountains.
A special feature is the climate on the Brocken summit. The tree line is 1100 m above sea level. The summit has heather vegetation like in the tundra. The approx. 300 days of rain and snow and frequent fog are causes for the extreme climate. The location in the main weather direction produces high precipitation, making the Harz one of the most water-rich regions in Germany.
In the subalpine area above 1050 m, the spruces are bent by the wind into bizarre shapes. Various dwarf shrub heaths and high moors are predominant. Between 750 m and 1050 m the spruce forest dominates. In the montane area between 450 m and 750 m, beech forests predominate. The forest community is called Hainsimsen beech forest. Parts of the forest have been converted to spruce monoculture. As a result of climate change, there has also been increased damage due to bark beetle infestation.
Goslar is the district town of the district of the same name in Lower Saxony with a population of over 50,000. First mentioned in 979, it was the seat of an imperial palace and developed into a town through mining. The earliest evidence of the mining and processing of ore from the Rammelsberg could be dated to the 3rd century AD through archaeological excavations. In 1290 Goslar was granted the status of an imperial town, which it held until 1802.
The old town of Goslar, the former Rammelsberg ore mine on the southern outskirts of the town and the Upper Harz water management system have been UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1992. The Rammelsberg belongs to the north-western foothills of the Harz Mountains. To the north is the Salzgitter Höhenzug. The river Oker flows through the city.
- Romanesque imperial palace with the Goslar Kaiserstuhl
- Museum and Visitor mine Rammelsberg
- Gothic town hall with the Hall of Homage on the market square
- Imperial Ring House (former Kämmerei), carillon with miners' figure walk
- Wing and city fortifications
- Mönchehaus Museum Goslar
- Hospice „es Heiliges Kreuz“
- Gildehaus „Kaiserworth“ and Patrizierhaus „Brusttuch“
- St. Annenhaus, the „lst completely preserved half-timbered house from 1488
- Evangelic market church of St. Cosmas and Damian
- Former monastery church of St. Peter and Paul on the Frankenberg
- Catholic St. Jakobi Church
- Former monastery church of St. Peter and Paul on the Frankenberg
- Klostergut Wöltingerode with distillery, brewery and salmon infocentre
- Bocksberg cable car and observation tower
- Outlook tower on the Steinberg
Air health resort Braunlage
... is a town in the district of Goslar, situated at an altitude of 550 to 970 m south of the Brocken and surrounded by the Harz National Park. The Wurmberg mountain belongs to the town. The mountain town of Sankt Andreasberg has been part of the newly formed town of Braunlage since 2011 and is also a climatic health resort.
- Evangelic Trinity Church
- Pfarrhaus, one of Braunlage's oldest houses
- Altes Forsthaus (old forester's house) from 1658, former factor's office of the Braunlager Hüttenwerk, today a hotel
- Popular winter sports centre on the Wurmberg
- FIS ski and local history museum
... is the second largest town in the district of Goslar on the northern edge of the Harz mountains and is located in the northern foothills of the Harz mountains in the Radau valley, at an altitude of between 173 m and 555 m, on the border of Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. The town is a recognised brine spa. Bad Harzburg received a railway connection to Braunschweig as early as 1841.
- Museum – Haus Natur in the spa park with the interactive permanent exhibition „Harzwald“
- Ruins of Harzburg Castle, accessible by Burgberg cable car
- Bündheim Castle and historic half-timbered buildings as well as neo-Gothic Luther Church
- Kurpark, castle park and town park
- Tree top walk Harz in the spa gardens of Bad Harzburg with approx. 1000 m length in über 20 m height über a 300 m long spiral ramp, also suitable for wheelchair users and prams.
... lies in the district of Goslar at an altitude of 390 to 820 m and holds the title of mountain and university town as well as the title of climatic health resort. The districts also include the former free mining town of Altenau, today a climatic health resort. Until 1930, mining was the main occupation. Today, tourism is the determining factor.
- Oberharzer Bergwerksmuseum (Upper Harz Mining Museum) with the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Schacht, Ottiliae-Schacht and the Radstuben (UNESCO World Heritage Sites)
- GeoMuseum in the University
- Market Church „Zum Heiligen Geist“
- St. Salvatoris Church (Zellerfeld)
- Oberharzer Wasserregal (components of the UNESCO World Heritage)